Dental Implants before beginning bisphosphonates? Things to discuss with your dentist and doctor about
Bisphosphonates prevent the loss of bone density. They are used to treat osteoporosis and other related diseases. Brand names include:
What you should know
Q: How do bisphosphonates work?
A: To explain how these drugs work, you need a bit of background on how bone cells work. Bone cells are constantly renewing in an ongoing process called bone turnover. Bone as two kinds of cells:
Bisphosphonates suppress osteoclasts and boost osteoblasts. In other words: old bone isnâ€™t removed as bisphosphonates build new bone.
Q: Do bisphosphonates have any side effects?
A: Yes, there is a rare but significant side effect. Of people taking bisphosphonates, 0.7 people out of 100,000 are at risk for difficulty healing after undergoing dental procedures, such as implants or extractions. In extreme cases, these patients develop osteonecrosis of the jaw.
Q: What is osteonecrosis?
A: Signs of osteonecrosis include slow-to-heal gum wounds. Such as with extractions, wounds that take six or more weeks to heal, or exposed bone. Initially, osteonecrosis can begin with gum tissue that feels â€śrough.â€ť Untreated, the site could become infected, with pus or swelling in nearby gum tissue. The condition is often painless until exposed bone becomes infected.
Q: How is osteonecrosis treated?
A: The best treatment is prevention. Including antiseptic rinses, systemic antibiotics, and cleaning or removing dead bone. If your dentist at Dr. Mario Garita MP Dental Experience Clinic diagnoses osteonecrosis, she may suggest oral surgery. In general, therapy emphasizes pain management and infection prevention.
Q: How bisphosphonates affect implant procedures, such as All-on-4Â®?
A: Because bisphosphonates interfere with osteoclast (old bone removal) effectiveness, your bone density may increase. For bones to heal, the old bone around a dental implant must be removed by osteoclasts before new bone can form. Bisphosphonates can interfere with the bodyâ€™s removal of old bone, and new growth could be less efficient, hindering healing.
Some key points to remember
If your doctor has recommended you take bisphosphonates, consider delaying the medication until any extractions, implants, or any other oral surgery has been completed.
If you are currently using bisphosphonates, dental implants are still an option.
Give us a call to make an appointment at Mario Garita MP Dental Experience clinic so that we can evaluate your current condition. We can also perform minimally invasive procedures to reduce the risks. Reach out today to learn more.